MENA (The Middle East and North Africa)

Introduction

MENA is basically the Middle East and North African region. MENA covers vast region starting from Morocco to Iran and Middle Eastern countries. The total population of MENA region is around 381 million; it makes the total 6% of the world’s population. This acronym is mostly used in academics, by disaster teams, military planning’s and especially in business writing.

MENA’s economy

It encompasses around 22 different countries of the Middle East and North Africa. It accounts for world’s 6% of total population, 60% of the oil reserves, and 45% of natural gas reserves. It is known to be the main source for world’s economic activity due to the presence of substantial amount of natural gas and petroleum. These are the two most important reserves MENA is being blessed with which makes it an important reason for economic stability.

For the past few decades, the countries of MENA have brought some reforms for implementation to light to make progress in economic stability and openness. This will positively affect the diversification and the development of private sectors. The reforms presented by them include MENA-OECD Initiative on the governance and competitiveness for development.  This initiative leads to the promotion of broad economic reforms that will benefit the investment climate, will modernize the structure of governance and operations, will strengthen the partnerships between regions and international parties, and will promote the sustainability of economic development across MENA and other parts of the world.

Religion and ethnicity

As it shares the Middle Eastern and North African countries, these places are most populated by Muslims. So Islam is the main religion being followed by the people of MENA region. Out of the total population, 91.2% of the people are Muslims. It shares the 23% of the total Muslim population.

Most of the countries that are part of MENA region are Muslim countries except for Israel where Islam is not being followed. Some other countries with religion other than Islam are Cyprus, Armenia, and Georgia.

Conflicts faced by MENA

The rich resources and combine location with three continents makes MENA more prone to conflicts. The three continents it shares its location are Asia, Africa, and Europe. Rich resources and location have made it more prone to conflict after the fall down of Ottoman Empire. The creation of Israel which is the only Jewish state in the Arab world and Muslims has given rise to terrorism. The major proves of that are Israel and Palestine conflict, the Iran, and Saudi Arabia proxy conflict and the conflict between Berbers and Arabs.  In the 21st century, such conflicts have reached to their [peaks. The major incidents since then include the intervention of US  in Iran in 2003, Arab spring which was the main reason behind a war in the region of Syrian, Libyan and Yemeni civil wars, not to

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How much preference do Arab world give to education

The process of honoring skill in learning is education. Education is important to every region. It can make the country to be successful. Education is a path that put the individual on the road of life to walk. An educated person can be notable from the distance that’s why educated person is given more importance than the uneducated.

The Arab world is giving more preference to education because they know a well-educated country can go so far with success. Educated people would run the country economically good. They have sense and knowledge about everything.

 Education preference and the Arab world:

The Arab world gives preference to education because they know it is important for every person. A well-educated person is always one step ahead of an uneducated person. They know that education can better understand the hardships of life.

When problems faced by uneducated people, the problem demoralize them. The educated man always strive towards the better end.

 Different policies of education in the Arab world:

Arab students are not ready to take on global studies. They have their own standards and fits. The Arab world has specific criteria to each student. The Arab countries have major differences of urban and rural whereas other countries don’t have. But this doesn’t mean that they don’t have high standards schools. That’s the reason they have different policies on education.

There are some school and colleges in Arab world having standards of International level. From this, you can understand how much preferences they give to education by offering different policies.

They are giving so many preferences to education, taking many big steps to increase education standards and to educate everyone in the Arab world.

They participate in international study evaluation program, to note that what are the problems of education and how they can correct them and increase the literacy rate. Building new schools so that students who live far don’t need to walk miles to reach school, building a school near to them so that they can get an education and in future help the country to be more successful.

Teachers training:

They are giving so much attention to teachers quality of teaching and their lifestyles. They think the way teacher will teach them to have a great impact on the student. Some students admire teacher so their standard should be high and also good in spoken. Special training is being arranged to make the teacher perfect. Trained them to create a creative, joyful environment and give the student freedom to ask questions. A healthy environment will make the student more intellectual and creative.

Main reason the Arab world giving preference to education is they know an educated person can do anything. A skilled labor works quickly and easily with new technology, and that can be beneficial for the country. They know that today’s student can be tomorrow great businessman, economist and traders can take the country to the top of success.

 

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